Đảo ngữ với các trạng từ phủ định:
Never, Rarely, Seldom, Little, Hardly ever,…
Never/ Rarely/ Seldom
+ Auxiliary + S + V
Little/ Hardly ever
– Never in Mid-summer does it snow.
– Hardly ever does he speak in the public.
Đảo ngữ với UNTIL và TILL
until/ till + clause/ Adv of time + Auxiliary + S + V
– I won’t come home till 10 o’clock
(= Not untill/ till 10 o’clock that i will come home.)
(= It is not untill 10 o’clock that I will come home.)
– I didn’t know that I had lost my key till I got home.
(= Not untill/ till I got home did I know that I had lost my key.)
Đảo ngữ với CÂU ĐIỀU KIỆN
Câu điều kiện loại 1:
If – clause = Should + S + V…
– Should she come late, she will miss the train.
– Should he lend me some money, I will buy that house.
Câu điều kiện loại 2:
If – clause = Were S + to-V/ Were + S…
– If I were you, I would work harder
(= Were I you, I…)
– If I knew her, I woulde invite her to the party
(= Were I to know her, I…)
Câu điều kiện loại 3:
If-clause = Had + S + V3
– If my parents had encouraged me, I would have passed exam.
(= Had my parents encouraged me, I…)
Đảo ngữ với NO và NOT
No + N + Auxiliary + S + Verb (inf)
Ex: – No money shall I lend you from now on
Not any + N + Auxiliary + S + Verb (inf)
Ex: – Not any money shall I lend you from now on
Đảo ngữ với No where
No where + Aux (Trợ động từ) + S + V
– No where in the Vietnam is the scenery as beautiful as that in my country
– No where do I feel as comfortable as I do at home.
– No where can you buy the goods as good as those in my country.
Đảo ngữ với Only
Only in this way + Auxiliary + S + V
Only in that way
Only after / Only with + N
Only by V_ing/ N
Only when / Only if + clause
Only in adv of time / place
– Only once did I meet her.
– Only after all guests had gone home could we relax.
– Only when I understand her did I like her.
– Only by practising English every day can you speak it fluently.
Đảo ngữ với So
So + Adj/ Adv + Auxiliary + S + V + that-clause
(mệnh đề danh từ)
– So dark is it that I can’t write.
– So busy am I that I don’t have time to look after myself.
– So difficult was the exam that few student pass it.
– So attractive is she that many boys run after her.
So + adjective + be + N + clause
Ex: – So intelligent is that she can answer all questions in the interview.
Đảo ngữ với Not only…but…also
Not only + Auxiliary + S + V but…also….
– Not only is he good at English but he also draws very well.
– Not only does he sing well but he also plays musical instruments perfectly.
Đảo ngữ với các cựm từ có No
At no time
On no condition
On no account
Under/ in no circumstances + Auxiliary + S + N
For no reason
In no way
– For no reason shall you play truant.
– Under no circumsstances is the money tobe paid.
(= The money is not to be paid under any circumstances.)
– On no condition shall we accept their proposal