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Câu Đảo Ngữ Trong Tiếng Anh Là Gì? Cách Sử Dụng Như Thế Nào?

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Cùng tham khảo ví dụ cụ thể nhé

Đảo ngữ với các trạng từ phủ định:

Never, Rarely, Seldom, Little, Hardly ever,…

 

Never/ Rarely/ Seldom

+ Auxiliary + S + V

Little/ Hardly ever

 

Ex:

– Never in Mid-summer does it snow.

– Hardly ever does he speak in the public.

 

Đảo ngữ với UNTIL và TILL

 

until/ till + clause/ Adv of time + Auxiliary + S + V

 

Ex:

– I won’t come home till 10 o’clock

(= Not untill/ till 10 o’clock that i will come home.)

(= It is not untill 10 o’clock that I will come home.)

– I didn’t know that I had lost my key till I got home.

(= Not untill/ till I got home did I know that I had lost my key.)

 

Đảo ngữ với CÂU ĐIỀU KIỆN

 

Câu điều kiện loại 1:

 

If – clause = Should + S + V…

 

Ex:

– Should she come late, she will miss the train.

– Should he lend me some money, I will buy that house.

 

Câu điều kiện loại 2:

 

If – clause = Were S + to-V/ Were + S…

 

Ex:

– If I were you, I would work harder

(= Were I you, I…)

– If I knew her, I woulde invite her to the party

(= Were I to know her, I…)

 

Câu điều kiện loại 3:

 

If-clause = Had + S + V3

 

Ex:

– If my parents had encouraged me, I would have passed exam.

(= Had my parents encouraged me, I…)

 

Đảo ngữ với NO và NOT

 

No + N + Auxiliary + S + Verb (inf)

 

Ex: – No money shall I lend you from now on

 

Not any + N + Auxiliary + S + Verb (inf)

 

Ex: – Not any money shall I lend you from now on

 

Đảo ngữ với No where

 

No where + Aux (Trợ động từ) + S + V

 

Ex:

– No where in the Vietnam is the scenery as beautiful as that in my country

– No where do I feel as comfortable as I do at home.

– No where can you buy the goods as good as those in my country.

 

Đảo ngữ với Only

 

Only once

Only later

Only in this way    + Auxiliary + S + V

Only in that way

Only then

—————————————–

Only after / Only with + N

—————————————–

Only by V_ing/ N

—————————————–

Only when / Only if + clause

—————————————–

Only in adv of time / place

—————————————–

 

Ex:

– Only once did I meet her.

– Only after all guests had gone home could we relax.

– Only when I understand her did I like her.

– Only by practising English every day can you speak it fluently.

 

Đảo ngữ với So

 

So + Adj/ Adv + Auxiliary + S + V + that-clause

(mệnh đề danh từ)

 

Ex:

– So dark is it that I can’t write.

– So busy am I that I don’t have time to look after myself.

– So difficult was the exam that few student pass it.

– So attractive is she that many boys run after her.

 

So + adjective + be + N + clause

 

Ex: – So intelligent is that she can answer all questions in the interview.

 

Đảo ngữ với Not only…but…also

 

Not only + Auxiliary + S + V but…also….

 

Ex:

– Not only is he good at English but he also draws very well.

– Not only does he sing well but he also plays musical instruments perfectly.

 

Đảo ngữ với các cựm từ có No

 

At no time

On no condition

On no account

Under/ in no circumstances      + Auxiliary + S + N

For no reason

In no way

No longer

 

Ex:

– For no reason shall you play truant.

– Under no circumsstances is the money tobe paid.

(= The money is not to be paid under any circumstances.)

– On no condition shall we accept their proposal

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